American Life in the 17th Century. In the late 16th and early 17th century England colonized most of America. A new masterpiece of history by Bernard Bailyn shows American life in the 17th century to be nasty, brutish, and short. 1607-1692 . The Chesapeake and New England areas are the most known regions of this time. New England also went through the Salem Witch Trials which would be never forgotten events that happened in the colony. 1740-1741: A very cold winter in New England Ships frozen inn near Ten Pound Island northeast of Boston, Massachusetts. During the 17th century, indentured servitude solved the labor problem in many English colonies for all of the following reasons EXCEPT Spain had stopped sending slaves to its New World colonies Most immigrants to the Chesapeake colonies in the seventeenth century came as Frethorne’s letter is a rare surviving document reflecting the circumstances of the majority of English colonists who came to North America in the 17th century. What evidence shows that New England was becoming more diverse as the 17th century wore on? Clothing in Colonial New England. From the 17th century until well into the 19th, New England was the country's cultural and economic center. Grey reproduction of part of oil painting on canvas by Fitz Hugh Lane. In the 17th century it was common for two or more people to share a wooden plate called a trencher. The history of food. As the 17th century wore on, the Half-Way Covenant was established in New England to regulate religious conversions as the colony spread. The summers in New England were very hot and the winters very cold. The Chesapeake region concluded of Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, though this region is named after the Chesapeake Bay. In the 17th century few people used forks although they became common in the 18th century. There was less diversity in New England than in the South because European immigrants did not want to come to a place where there was bad soil. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. John Smith, who explored its shores in 1614 for some London merchants.New England was soon settled by English Puritans whose aversion to idleness and luxury served admirably the need of fledgling communities where the work to be done was so prodigious and the hands so few. By R.B. Yet it played a dominant role in American development. In the early 17th century, thousands of English Puritans settled in North America, mainly in New England.Many believed that the Church of England had been insufficiently reformed, retaining too much of its Roman Catholic doctrine, and wished to separate from the church. The smallest region, New England has not been blessed with large expanses of rich farmland or a mild climate. The region was named by Capt. 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