Rest the injured muscle (and take a temporary break from sports activities). That said, the most important step after you sustain an abdominal muscle strain is to allow the muscle to cool down so that the inflammation can subside. Activities that cause pain or spasm of the abdominal muscles should also be avoided. It can be hard to flex the muscle because of this pain. What symptoms may you experience? Alternatives to ibuprofen or naproxen include pain killers, such as acetaminophen. Learn more about calorie deficits…. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Medical treatment is similar to the treatmen… Timely treatment and restriction of painful activities for a specific period can help to prevent complications. Gentle stretching is helpful, but it should not be painful. A groin strain is a tear of the adductor muscles on the inside of the thigh. muscles, tendons and bursae, although most commonly groin strain occurs due to the adductor longus muscle being affected. Physical therapy treatment, such as foam roller stretches, may be recommended for intercostal muscle strain. Treatment Dines JS, Bedi A, Williams PN, Dodson CC, Ellenbecker TS, Altchek DW, Windler G, Dines DM. Several home treatments can help promote muscle healing. Dealing with joint pain can cause major disruptions to your day. Sign up and learn how to better take care of your body. Apply ice to the injured area in the acute phase (the first 48 hours after injury), and then after activities. Before activities, gentle heat can help to loosen the muscle. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, OrthoInfo, "Diseases and Conditions: Muscle Contusion (Bruise)". Symptoms. Elevate the injured area. Compression. 3. It is important to avoid mixi… Apply moist heat to an old or recurring injury. As the pain decreases, you can use heat on the muscle. They may also order imaging studies, such as X-rays, to make sure that the bone has not broken. "Diseases and Conditions: Muscle Contusion (Bruise)", Tennis injuries: epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment. For example, slings, splints and casts may be used to immobilise injured arms, shoulders, wrists and legs while you heal. Medically reviewed by Laura Campedelli, PT, DPT, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Medically reviewed by Stuart Hershman, MD, Medically reviewed by Erin Pereira, DPT, OCS, What You Should Know About Hamstring Muscle Strains. Acetaminophen can relieve pain, but it does not have the anti-inflammatory properties of NSAIDs. In many cases, home care and exercises can heal a muscle strain, but severe strains may need medical treatment. Learn more here. Possible causes of ear and jaw pain include ear infections, teeth grinding, and TMJ disorders. It is vital to lift with the legs rather than the back and to carry any heavy loads with the torso to avoid straining the arm or back muscles. When the pain decreases, begin normal, slow movements. Treatment of muscle strain You can usually treat mild muscle strains at home. Muscle strains are commonly treated by primary-care providers, including family medicine doctors, internists, and general practitioners. Muscle strain treatment will vary depending upon an accurate diagnosis from your health professional. Compress the muscle with an elastic bandage. 2. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Healthcare workers have 7 times the risk of severe COVID-19, How blood markers and wealth predict future health problems, Diabetes risk is shared between people and their dogs. But don't avoid all physical activity. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Physicians and physical therapists can be helpful in guiding you in treatment that may speed your recovery. The last thing you want to do is reinjure a strained muscle. For a strained muscle in the hip, lie flat on the back and pull the right knee to the chest. Even if a person’s muscle strain does not require medical attention, it is important to rest the muscle and allow time for recovery. The other common symptom is muscle spasm of the injured muscle. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Most muscle strains can be successfully treated at home. That said, the most important step after you sustain an abdominal muscle strain is to allow the muscle to cool down so that the inflammation can subside. Early identification and treatment of the injury will speed up recovery. ... Talk to your doctor about … Repeat with the left leg, feeling a stretch in the upper thigh and hips. The severity of your muscle strain, and what function or loads your injured muscle will need to cope with, will impact the length of your healing and rehabilitation process. Causes and relief, How to safely and effectively create a calorie deficit for weight loss, Bodybuilding meal plan: What to eat and why, pain, which usually worsens with movement. But sometimes you may need to see a physiotherapist or have an operation to repair your damaged muscle. Tighten your core muscles if you have to cough or sneeze. When this occurs the muscle fibers are torn. There's no way to splint the abdomen and it's nearly impossible to fully rest these muscles. Aggressive chiropractic manipulation should be avoided at the onset of treatment. A long term exercise program, or ergonomic or sports modifications, may be recommended as well. Click below and just hit send! The specific stretches will depend on the injured area, but a person should always repeat the stretch two or three times. For immediate self-care of a muscle strain, try the R.I.C.E. Unable to contract the muscle, as the muscle has ruptured completely. In other cases, it may signal a medical condition. Last medically reviewed on March 7, 2019. If OTC medications are insufficient to relieve pain, a doctor may prescribe stronger anti-inflammatory medications, muscle relaxants, or pain-relieving medicines. Trying to avoid falling (for example, put sand or salt on icy spots on your front steps or sidewalks). Tendons are fibrous cords of tissue that attach muscles to bone. If a doctor suspects a muscle strain, they will perform a physical examination and ask a person about their symptom history. Here’s our process. severe swelling that makes it difficult to move the injured area, difficulty bending or straightening the affected area. Physiotherapy is vital to achieve this. However, individuals who take blood thinners or have a history of kidney disease or gastrointestinal bleeding should not take these drugs. We include products we think are useful for our readers. Massage therapy may also help relax injured muscles and enhance a person’s range of motion. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Less commonly, swelling and bruising can result from a muscle injury.. Grade II strains can take up to 3 months or longer. Acetaminophen can reduce pain and increase range of motion but may not reduce inflammation. Rest: Rest your muscle to allow your injury to heal. Muscle strains can cause a variety of uncomfortable symptoms, including: A person may also hear an audible snapping or popping when the muscle strains. © 2004-2020 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. Strains range from mild overexertion to a partial or complete tear of the muscle. Grade III strains may require surgery and months of rehabilitation. Most commonly, a strain causes microscopic tears within the muscle. Lift heavy objects or items with care and always use the correct technique. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort. The earlier the treatment, the better the outcome. If a person’s injury requires surgery, the recovery time will depend on the nature of the procedure. Ice the injured area to reduce swelling. To stretch the hamstrings, stand with the feet hip-width apart, and bend at the waist to lean forward. If the pain worsens or gets in the way of everyday activities, it is best to see a doctor. Other doctors who can be involved in caring for patients with muscle strains include emergency physicians, physiatrists, orthopedists, sports-medicine doctors, and rheumatologists. A strained muscle is more susceptible to re-injury. A muscle strain occurs when the muscle is stretched too far. The initial treatment for a calf strain is R.I.C.E. 1. Strains often occur in the back or leg (typically, the hamstring). Examples of these stretches include: Tight hamstrings can make walking and running difficult and increase injury risk. A muscle strain occurs when muscle fibers are overstretched and tear. There's no way to splint the abdomen and it's nearly impossible to fully rest these muscles. Is Your Calf Muscle Pain Just a Strain or Something Else? approach — rest, ice, compression, elevation: 1. If a doctor clears a person to engage in regular exercise after their injury, they can usually benefit from doing stretching exercises. After the initial resting and use of ice, it is important to rehabilitate the damaged muscle. Most soft tissue injuries take a few weeks to heal, but severe strains may take much longer. Follow a healthful diet and exercise program to maintain a healthy weight. Muscle strain occurs when a muscle becomes overstretched or works too hard. Prevention. Generally, the muscle or tendon overstretches and partially tears, under more physical stress than it can withstand, often from a sudden increase in duration, intensity, or frequency of an activity. Some treatments for faster recovery from muscle strain need to be adopted to obtain effective results. 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