2017-08-04. Empowerment of women to gain control over their own lives is one of the Millenium Development Goals of the UN, and is also included in the Sustainable Development Goals, under gender equality. The fishing industry plays an important role in Sri Lanka’s Social and Economic sectors and the country is home to a large fisheries … Sri Lanka has exclusive fishing and economic rights for an ocean area of 500,000 square kilometres and a coastal line of 1700 km in addition to inland water bodies, which makes fishery to be one of the promising industries in the country. Fisheries Sector in Sri Lanka Compiled by: The Ceylon Chamber of Commerce No. Sri Lanka has 103 perennial rivers, of which 23 river basins are larger than 500 km2. Fisheries Minister Douglas Devananda doesn’t seem to be actively involved in the sector while only the State Minister Kanchana Wijesekera is visible in inspecting some fisheries harbours, attending ceremonies and meetings, he alleged. It is believed that boattu karawala are clean, contain less moisture and are of better quality. In fact, the role of women has often been undermined in fisheries, which is a male dominant industry. New Coronavirus variant: What do we know. Environmental issues in Sri Lanka include large-scale logging of forests and degradation of mangroves, coral reefs and soil. Of the total area of about 280 000 ha of inland water bodies, 160 000 ha are lakes and ponds, while the rest (120 000 ha) consists of lagoons and marshlands. 50, Navam Mawatha Colombo 2 – Sri Lanka. It has recommended to enhance coordination between fish and seafood suppliers and transport, warehousing and logistical services to minimize loss of produce and food waste. In respect of the latter, the ILO Convention (C188) on Work in the Fishing Sector (2007) could provide guidelines in developing the necessary control measures. It is a major source of nutrition to about 21 million people and provides 55 percent of the Sri Lanka has rich fishery resources whose potential has not been optimally utilized. between 1990–1994 shows a sharp decline in inland fisheries and aquaculture production to 12 000 tonnes in 1994. This includes fisheries, which is exported as processed food under the industrial sector. processed fish. Sri Lanka’s fisheries is … Some processors at industrial level use good quality fresh fish for fish processing, but only target certain limited niche markets among the high income groups. The need to develop gear that is more selective, prohibit gear which are more destructive, such as ring nets, setting limits on the depth to which gill nets are laid and, to impose the trawl ban law in identified areas, were suggested as remedial measures in resolving these issues. In response to the concerns regarding coastal fisheries a regional project “Sustainable management of coastal fish stocks in Asia” 5 (1998–2003) was implemented by the WorldFish Center. This accounts for over 1.3 perecent of the countrys GDP . Research carried out by NARA had revealed that the highest post-harvest loss (percentage loss being 39 per cent) had occurred due to ring nets while it was lowest (7 per cent ) with the long lining type of selective gear. Nevertheless, the volumes available are limited. With the declaration of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) in 1976, the country gained sovereign rights over an ocean area of 536 000 km2 and EEZ extending from 24 … Mr. Gamage, adding that Sri Lanka with an abundance of fish should not be importing fish, disclosed that fish imports stood at 49595 metric tons and exports at 11461 mt up to June this year. As revealed by NARA’s research results, only 60 percent of the fish catch landed by boats are of “export quality”, or Grade A. Pain in the knee is one of the commonest clinical presentations in pain clinics worldwide. It is necessary to protect the small scale fish processor, especially the women, by providing them with technical know-how (through training and capacity building) and access to new technology and credit. One of the traditional household activities of women fisher folk in Sri Lanka has been the processing of fish into dried fish and Maldive fish and salted fish, which earned them supplementary incomes.In fact, for many fishing villages, where dried fish processing is widely practised, it has become a way of life for the women. This accounts for over 1.3 perecent of the countrys GDP . States should ensure that amenities and services appropriate for women are available as required in order to enable women to retain and enhance their livelihoods in the post-harvest subsector”(FAO of the United Nations, 2005). Home Sustainable Nation Challenges Faced by the Agriculture Sector in Sri Lanka Challenges Faced by the Agriculture Sector in Sri Lanka 26 November 2019 12:02 am - 0 - {{hitsCtrl.values.hits}} Processed fish (dried fish):In general, the dry fish preparation process involves, cleaning, washing, cutting, salting and drying, while Maldive fish is a steam-dried product. Budget 2021 has allocated Rs.200 million for the development of Fisheries Farm Zones in the districts of Batticaloa, Jaffna, Puttalam and Mannar. Lack of Capital A large initial outlay of capital is required for acquiring a fleet of fully equipped deep-sea fishing boats Neither the private sector nor the Government is in a position to invest such a large sum of money for Hierarchical g overnance is rare in Sri. Air pollution and water pollution are challenges for Sri Lanka since both cause negative health impacts. In Sri Lanka over 2.7 million fisherman from the 15 coastal districts depends on fishereies for their livelihood. Sri Lanka’s fisheries sector provides employment for about 600 000 people (nearly 10% of the total labor force and a quarter of agricultural sector’s employees). large chain stores), leading to improvements in the wellbeing of their families. Women fisherfolk, who earn supplementary family incomes and contribute significantly to family wellbeing, are confronted with an array of problems which include, crude technology, unfair prices for produce, poo raccess to capital and, social barriers for engagement in fisheries related work. This workforce represents a population of some one million people. Representatives of the Fisheries Association claimed that the export companies were only buying fish from their ships. The fisheries sector in Sri Lanka is basically small-scale, but is very important in terms of employment, food security and generation of foreign exchange. The rapid spread of a new variant of Coronavirus has been blamed for the introduction of strict tier four mixing rules for... Minuwangoda Covid-19 Cluster: another 164 tested positive, Lieutenant General Shavendra Silva promoted to the rank of General, Minuwangoda Covid-19 Cluster: another 366 tested positive, Media contribution vital to revive medical heritage, Covid-19: Private sector has a key role in economic battle. Processing technology, as a whole tend to be stagnating without any improvement as revealed by nation-wide stakeholder consultations. Tel. Inland reservoirs and tanks usually carry water all the year round (… With the declaration of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) in 1976, the country gained sovereign rights over an ocean area of 536 000 km2 and EEZ extending from 24 … Losses due to bad on-board handling of fish. Their access to credit, information and training opportunities is poor , and very few efforst have been made to improve women’s access to such financial, physical and human capital. Yet many aspects including a three-decade long war, over exploitation and lack of coastal and ocean security, as well as poor understanding of sustainable … Post-harvest, value addition takes two paths: i. preparation into ready-to-cook fresh forms and ii. These three subsectors employ around 250,000 active fishers and another 100,000 in support services. The lack of a proper mechanism and authority (with required professional qualifications) for craft inspection and providing certification on quality standards is a deterrent for ensuring the maintenance of proper hygienic and prophylactic practices on board fishing vessels and the skill of the crew in handling fish on board. While post-harvest losses are quite low in coastal fisheries, the issue of losses could only be minimised if ice boxes are provided to fishers and cold storage facilities are available at large market centers to handle gluts. They pointed out that the lack of a proper market for their harvest is a serious problem as they are only engaged in export industry. With the advent of the civil war, the Sri Lankan government, taking a security precaution, prevented its fishermen of northern region from fishing in the sea. Women’s engagement in fish processing activities can be considered as a type of strategy towards coping with an array of risks and uncertainties inherent in fishing as it contributes for the smoothening of inter-temporal flows of daily fishing incomes.However, during recent times, small-medium scale dried fish and maldive fish industries have been established and they might offer a threat to engagement of women in this industry and thereby threaten the function that dry fish processing at household level perform in improving the resilience capacity of fishing households. Ready-to-cook fresh forms:This is generally done for fish that needs a great degree of cleaning and skinning, such as Pothubari, Thilapia, Flat fish and other similar species. They are : 1. Apart from the above points of conflict, Sri Lanka also raises the environmental protection bogie against India. As revealed by small scale fish processors they earn a healthy profit margin only if they use poor quality fresh fish for processing. Sri Lanka’s fisheries sector provides employment for about 600 000 people (nearly 10% of the total labor force and a quarter of agricultural sector’s employees). Lack of Capital A large initial outlay of capital is required for acquiring a fleet of fully equipped deep-sea fishing boats Neither the private sector nor the Government is in a position to invest such a large sum of money for It is estimated that nearly 50,000 boats and trawlers operate out of the 25 fisheries habours. Home Sustainable Nation Challenges Faced by the Agriculture Sector in Sri Lanka Challenges Faced by the Agriculture Sector in Sri Lanka 26 November 2019 12:02 am - 0 - {{hitsCtrl.values.hits}} In 1991, the fisheries sector contributed about 2% of the gross domestic product (GDP). Use of selective type of gear, better on-board handling of fish and improved on board preservation facilities, are of significant importance in reducing losses of the catches landed by offshore crafts. Yet, this type of value addition is very poorly developed in the country. Fish that are caught deteriorate with the prolongation of the fishing trip. These three subsectors employ around 250,000 active fishers and another 100,000 in support services. The process of mechanisation of the fishing fleet is another contributing factor because mechanisation has led to mult-iday fishing and the landing of poor quality fish, apart from its positive impacts on production. ... Sri Lanka along with the rest of the world is facing the greatest health and economic crisis in the living memory. Sri Lanka has a long standing history for the agriculture industry since Sri Lanka was one of . There are immediate issues such as providing necessary facilities and assistance for fisher folks and streamlining of purchasing and marketing process eliminating the domination of big fish traders (fish mudalalis who have become loan sharks), he urged. Sri Lanka fisheries yearbook t hat encompasses the infor- mation of fisheries sector contribution to the national economy, production status, trade, marketing status of Produced by Lake House. Sri Lanka and Norway will take steps to increase cooperation in several areas, including fisheries, information technology, energy, hydro and solar power as well as oil and gas exploration. Sri Lanka’s fishing industry is facing immense challenges as its lifeline – local and export markets – have ground to a near halt due to failure of successive governments to develop the industry The present government has also failed provide any concessions for 2.7 million fishermen although it has given tax concessions to business ventures [...], Sri Lanka’s fishing industry is facing immense challenges as its lifeline – local and export markets – have ground to a near halt due to failure of successive governments to develop the industry. August 28, 2020 - The fisheries sector has been an important part of the Sri Lanka — Norway bilateral relationship, and Norway is interested in further strengthening those ties through a number of projects in the fisheries and maritime sectors. Fishing traps (such as kudu dal} were also considered as gear that lead to harvest losses because they tend to catch the juveniles of fish. The following is an account of the outcome of the deliberations on the issue of post-harvest losses, fish processing and gender, including agreements reached by all parties in resolving some important issues. While diverse strategies have been introduced to deal with the issue, none have led to any significant reduction in post-harvest losses. Although, fish filleting might have a good potential for more affluent urban consumers who demand value added fish products, this alternative has not been studied in detail. This is undertaken by some women and such cleaned products are sold in retail outlets. It is (extremely) essential to follow proper hygienic measures inside the fishing vessel. Article 7.2 of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small Scale Fisheries states that “all parties should recognise the role women often play in the post-harvest subsector and support improvements to facilitate women’s participation in such work. They are : 1. Overfishing and insufficient waste management, especially in rural areas, leads to environmental pollution. It is known that fishing vessels which are engaged in long fishing trips are not adequately equipped with proper facilities for fish storage (fish is not frozen, only iced). Sri Lanka is seeking to promote fisheries as a new export sector, giving incentives and better facilities for local and foreign investors, in an effort to better exploit the county's ocean resources. In Sri Lanka over 2.7 million fisherman from the 15 coastal districts depends on fishereies for their livelihood. Sri Lanka often complains that trawlers used by the Indian fishermen also damage the fragile ecosystem of the sea. He alleged that over 6000 Indian vessels are used for poaching illegally in Sri Lankan waters posing a threat to over 50,000 fishermen from the North and surrounding areas. The government has only proposed to simplify the administrative process for the exportation of most-sought after fish and aquatic plants, and to develop tissue culture methods. The present government has also failed provide any concessions for 2.7 million fishermen although it has given tax concessions to business ventures engaged in the fishery industry exempting from tax in the next five years, representatives of fisher community complained. Sri Lanka is no exception. Government of Sri Lanka obtained sovereign rights over an ocean area of 536,000 sq km. This Interactive Platform was formed by representatives of all stakeholders involved in the issues: fishers, fisher women, fish processors, civil society organisations, fisher community organisations, state actors (Department of Fisheries and the Aquatic Resources and National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency: NARA) and academics. Copyright © 1995 - 2020 The Associated Newspapers of Ceylon Ltd. 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